All vital internal components of a computer system are connected to a flat, rectangular circuit board known as the computer’s motherboard. If the CPU is known as the “brain” of a computer, you can think of the motherboard as the “heart”. In computer terminology, the motherboard is also called a logic board, motherboard, or system board. It is usually abbreviated as “mobo” or MB.
While a motherboard does not increase the speed of a computer, it is one of the most essential parts of a computer because it links all the components that allow a computer system to function. If you are buying a barebone system, it will always come with a motherboard that serves as the backbone on which other components of the computer can be attached.
Most of the internal components of a computer connect directly to the motherboard through sockets or slots. A motherboard may contain an accelerated graphics port (AGP) that can be used to connect an AGP video card, Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) slots for PCI video cards and network cards, and drive electronics interfaces. Integrated (IDE) for hard drives and optical devices. drives. The computer motherboard also contains several ports for external peripherals such as the monitor, printer, keyboard, mouse, speakers, and removable devices.
A computer component can be built into the motherboard. Some examples are integrated sound cards, graphics cards, or network interface cards (NICs). An embedded computing component can be disabled in favor of a more powerful version.
In particular, the computer motherboard contains a socket that can accommodate a particular type of CPU. Some motherboards can only support AMD CPUs, while others only support Intel processors. There is still no motherboard that supports all types of CPUs.
The computer motherboard also contains a north bridge chipset and a south bridge chipset. The north bridge connects the hard drive and RAM to the motherboard, while the south bridge connects other computer components, such as video and sound cards, to the motherboard.
Additionally, the motherboard has a basic input / output system (BIOS) chip that checks computer hardware, such as the power supply unit and hard drives, for malfunctions. After performing its hardware check, the BIOS chip turns on the computer’s CPU. When you turn on your PC, the BIOS is the first program the computer runs before it is taken to Windows or your favorite operating system.
The computer motherboard also includes a battery-powered real-time clock chip that determines time. This is why they can still tell time correctly even if they haven’t seen any use in weeks or months.
Simply put, the motherboard serves as a hub where the CPU, RAM, hard drive, optical drive, graphics card, sound card, and other computer hardware can come together and mix.