Women with increasing health problems: menopause and polycystic ovary syndrome

Polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) is a common hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age. In PCOD, patients have multiple small cysts on their ovaries. One ovulation results in irregular menstruation, amenorrhea, and ovulation-related infertility.

When women have low-grade inflammation, it stimulates the ovaries to produce androgens, leading to PCOD. No one really knows what exactly causes PCOS, but it is likely the result of a number of genetic and environmental factors.

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Menopause is the time in a woman’s life when her menstrual cycle stops and she is no longer fertile (able to get pregnant). It usually occurs naturally, more often after the age of 45. Menopause occurs when a woman’s ovaries stop producing the hormones estrogen and progesterone.

Menopause and PCOS are a growing health problem in urban women. Studies show that 8% of Indian women between the ages of 35-39 show signs of menopause and 4% of Indian women between the ages of 20-35. This is alarming since the normal age of menopause is after the age of 45.

The survey shows an increase of almost 20% to 25% of Indian urban women suffering from PCOS. PCOS is seen predominantly in the age group of 15 to 40 years.

Causes of early menopause and increased PCOD in urban women

• Urban lifestyle

• Increase in the use of artificial reproduction techniques

• Poor nutrition

• Smoking or drinking a lot

• Genetic factors

There are many factors respectively for each of menopause and PCOS. But the above causes are the main factors seen in urban women.

Preventive measures such as lifestyle adjustments, stress management, proper nutrition, meditation, yoga, and therapy should be part of everyday life.

One should contact a preventive health care service provider to reduce any future complications. Keeping track of your body’s metabolism will help prevent health problems.

Appropriate medication and therapy recommended by doctors or preventive health care service provider should be followed to avoid or reduce menopause and PCOS.

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